Effects of Car Accidents on Victims
Car accidents can happen even just because of a single mistake, such as when the driver has failed to negotiate a curve or when he has been too distracted to see an abruptly turning vehicle. Whatever the cause may be, nothing is going to change – damage has been done, and it may have significant effects to the victims involved.
Injuries are the first things that come to mind when it comes to car accidents. The worst injuries associated with traffic accidents are the following:
- Amputations, sustained from entrapments
- Brain trauma, sustained from hitting the head into a hard surface
- Facial disfigurement, sustained from getting hit by projectiles
- Fractures, sustained from receiving excessive force
- Paralysis, sustained from neck and back injuries
Whether the injury is minor or major, victims will most likely need medical attention as a precaution, and medical attention does not come for free. Depending on the severity of the injury, this can reach up to thousands of dollars.
It’s worse if the accident has occurred because of the recklessness of another party. The good news is, according to the website of Habush Habush & Rottier S.C. ®, those who have been hurt because of another person’s mistake may get compensation, such as for the medical costs of the injuries sustained.
Getting involved in a traumatic event such as a car accident has a psychological toll to its victims. They can sustain post-traumatic stress disorder, where they may re-experience the traumatic event, in the form of flashbacks and nightmares. These re-experiences are even worse when the victims are in the presence of specific stimulus that may be related to the crash, such as cars or the sound of car engines.
They may also be vulnerable to depression, emotional detachment, social withdrawal, and escapist behaviors, such as overeating, oversleeping, substance abuse, and worst of all, suicide.
Aside from drunk-driving, another major cause of accident that continues to claim the lives of hundreds of individuals is BWI or boating while intoxicated . The Boating Safety Resource Center, the official website of the U.S. Coast Guard’s Boating Safety Division has an online article which says that: BWI is just as deadly as drunk-driving. Drinking will impair a boat operator faster than a car driver and that one-third of all recreational boating accidents are due to alcohol impairment. Because of the dangers brought about by BWI, those who violate U.S. laws regarding it will suffer imprisonment, huge fines and revocation of operator privileges.
The federal BWI law enforced by the United States Coast Guard is applicable to all types of boats, whether these be large ships, rowboats or canoes; it even includes foreign vessels sailing through U.S. territories and U.S. ships on the high seas.
Drinking alcohol while out at sea can affect the balance, coordination, vision and judgment of boat operators and passengers much faster than when alcohol is consumed on land. This is due to the sun, the wind, the sea water mist or spray, the engine noise, and the vibration and motion – the overall marine environment – that the operator and passengers experience. Due to alcohol impairment, capsizing boats and drunken passengers falling over board have been common media report as causing death.
The over-all various threatening effects of alcohol when consumed while on sea include:
- Deterioration of judgment and cognitive abilities, rendering wise assessment of situations, processing of information and making good choices, much harder;
- Impairment in physical control, resulting to failure to make timely reactions to dangers, lack of coordination and problem in balance;
- Decrease peripheral or night vision and depth perception, difficulty in identifying colors, especially green and red; and,
- Failure to pull self out of the cold water, causing hypothermia and death.
According to the Hankey Law Office, states are making tougher laws which will subject to harsher punishments those who will be caught drinking before or while driving a boat. These laws are hoped to prevent some people from operating a boat if they have been drinking, and will sufficiently punish those who continue to act in a reckless and dangerous manner.